Sabia, Joseph J. and Brittany Bass. 2017. "Do Anti-Bullying Laws Work? New Evidence on School Safety and Youth Violence," Journal of Population Economics 30(2): 473-502.
Schuhmann, Peter, Brittany Bass, James Casey and David Gill. 2016. "Visitor Preferences and Willingness to Pay for Coastal Attributes in Barbados," Ocean and Coastal Management 134: 240-250.
1. "The Effect of Technology Investment on Student Achievement," 2019 (Under Review)
Abstract: This study presents new evidence on the effect of technology investment on student achievement. I exploit exogenous variation in school-level technology investment using the California Education Technology K-12 Voucher Program. The voucher program provided eligible schools, in which at least 40% of enrolled students qualified for free or reduced-price meals, with technology vouchers to purchase qualifying hardware and software products and services. Using a regression discontinuity design and data on voucher eligibility, voucher spending, and test scores, I find that voucher spending had positive impacts on student achievement. The effects are largest for middle schoolers, and are concentrated among low-socioeconomic students. The results of this study suggest that technology investment can help narrow the income achievement gap.
2. "Let’s Talk About Sex: The Effect of State Mandated School-Based Sex Education on Teenage Sexual Behaviors and Health," 2019. Revise and Resubmit at Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.
Abstract: This study is the first to simultaneously examine the effect of three types of US state- mandated school-based sex education on teenage sexual behaviors and health. Using data from the Youth Risk Behavioral Surveys, National Vital Statistics, and the CDC’s Wonder statistics on sexually transmitted diseases, difference-in-difference results show that abstinence-based sex education mandates increase the probability of recent sexual intercourse and the probability of having multiple sexual partners. There is suggestive evidence that comprehensive sex education significantly increases the probability of condom use at last sex, and marginally decreases birth control pill use at last sex. Unspecified sex education appears to marginally increase the probability of recent sexual intercourse. Regarding teenage gonorrhea and birth rates, the results show no significant effect of any type of sex education on teenage gonorrhea rates, and after controlling for pre-treatment trends, no significant effect on the teenage birth rate.
3. "Does an Introduction of a Paid Parental Leave Policy Affect Mothers’ Labor Market Outcomes? Evidence from Australia’s Paid Parental Leave Scheme," 2019. Forthcoming at IZA Journal of Labor Policy
Abstract: This paper studies how an introduction of paid parental leave affects maternal labor market outcomes in the short-run. Using a reform in Australia, the Paid Parental Leave Scheme (PPL), that gave the primary caregiver of a child born or adopted on or after January 1, 2011 $672.70 a week for a maximum of 18 weeks, this paper develops theoretical predictions of the effect of paid parental leave on maternal labor market outcomes, and tests these predictions using confidential data from the Australian Pregnancy and Employment Transitions Survey. The theoretical results imply that after the introduction of PPL, hours of work in the pre-birth period should decrease for mothers who will qualify for PPL, and increase for mothers who are attempting to qualify for PPL. Post-birth, more mothers are out of work and on leave than would have been in the absence of PPL. The empirical results suggest that the PPL had no significant effect on the average number of hours worked pre-birth, the average age of the child when the mother returned to work, or the average number of hours worked post-birth.
4. "Long-Run Effects of Anti-Poverty Policies on Disadvantaged Neighborhoods," with David Neumark and Brian Asquith. 2019. Forthcoming at Contemporary Economic Policy
Abstract: We estimate the longer-run effects of minimum wages, the Earned Income Tax Credit, and welfare on key economic indicators of economic self-sufficiency in disadvantaged neighborhoods. We find that the longer-run effects of the EITC are to increase employment and to reduce poverty and public assistance. We also find some evidence that higher welfare benefits had longer-run adverse effects, and quite robust evidence that tighter welfare time limits reduce poverty and public assistance in the longer-run. The evidence on the long-run effects of the minimum wage on poverty and public assistance is not robust, with some evidence pointing to reductions, and some to increases.
5. "Community Eligibility Provision and K-12 Student Achievement," 2018
Abstract: This paper studies the effect of a national U.S. Food and Nutrition program on student achievement. The Community Eligibility Provision (CEP) is an option that allows qualifying schools to offer breakfast and lunch at no charge to all students without collecting and processing individual school meal applications. Qualifying schools are those with an Identified Student Percentage of 40% or greater. I use a regression discontinuity design and school-level and student-level data from North Carolina to estimate the effect of CEP on student achievement. Preliminary results suggest that CEP increased the number of meals served to elementary school students, decreased their number of short-term suspensions, and increased their mathematics and science test scores.